The Grandfather of Artificial Intelligence – the Difference Engine

Today’s Artificial Intelligence [AI] owes its very existence to the “Difference Engine.” This 19th century hand-cranked computer is hard to describe. One is displayed at the Smithsonian’s National Museum of American History in Washington D.C.. Though it rarely draws crowds, never doubt that the Difference Engine was the first step the toward the high-powered ChatGPTContinue reading “The Grandfather of Artificial Intelligence – the Difference Engine”

SKYLAB – America’s Forgotten First Space Station

The International Space Station has been in operation since 2000. But America’s very first space station was in fact SKYLAB.  It helped pave the way for permanent operations in low-Earth orbit over 50 years ago.  Skylab spent six years in orbit from 1973 to 1979, with three successive three-man crews on board for a recordContinue reading “SKYLAB – America’s Forgotten First Space Station”

Electric Vehicles have Existed for OVER 150 YEARS

Electric vehicles have been around a lot longer than most people think.  Certainly longer than Elon Musk’s Tesla Motors.  In fact, electric cars appeared in the mid-1800’s, long before the internal-combustion engine was invented. 

The Forgotten Undersea World of Jacques Cousteau

For an entire generation, the name Jacques Cousteau was synonymous with undersea exploration.  He was a famous French explorer, inventor, and researcher. He co-invented the Aqua-Lung, better known today as Scuba.  On board his equally famous ship, the Calypso, he hosted dozens of TV documentaries from the 1960s thru the 1980s, exploring the world’s oceans.Continue reading “The Forgotten Undersea World of Jacques Cousteau”

The 10 Most Successful Vaccines in all History

We used to take vaccines for granted.  After all, they’ve been around for decades, some given to our grandparents and even great-grandparents.  So much so, we were shocked by a modern pandemic in 2020, due in part to the lack of a ready COVID vaccine.  How could that be? Anti-vaxxers likewise have been with usContinue reading “The 10 Most Successful Vaccines in all History”

Welcome to the Gates of Hell – the Darvaza Fire Crater

There are some places on earth, whether natural or man-made, that simply defy description.  This is certainly one of them.  Deep in the heart of Turkmenistan’s Karakum Desert, there lives a large, fiery crater that glows hellish-red, both day and night.  Known locally as the Gates of Hell, it is NOT volcanic.  This man-made disasterContinue reading “Welcome to the Gates of Hell – the Darvaza Fire Crater”